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Topics - MaddStone

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481
Producers - Discussion / Sampling Law - Interesting case
« on: September 10, 2004, 12:54:00 AM »
Dated: 8 September 2004

A new law pa**ed yesterday regarding sampling. It used to be that you didn´t have to clear a sample if it was just a stab or snippet. Now you have to clear anything sampled or "lifted" as they called it.

Peep it:

A federal appeals court ruled yesterday (Sept. 7) that rap artists should pay for every musical sample included in their work -- even minor, unrecognizable snippets of music.

Lower courts had already ruled that artists must pay when they sample another artists´ work. But it has been legal to use musical snippets -- a note here, a chord there -- as long as it wasn´t identifiable.

The decision by a three-judge panel of the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati gets rid of that distinction. The court said federal laws aimed at stopping piracy of recordings applies to digital sampling.

"If you cannot pirate the whole sound recording, can you ´lift´ or ´sample´ something less than the whole? Our answer to that question is in the negative," the court said. "Get a license or do not sample. We do not see this as stifling creativity in any significant way."

Some observers questioned whether the court´s opinion is too restrictive, especially for rap and hip-hop artists who often rhyme over samples of music taken from older recordings.

"It seems a little extreme to me," said James Van Hook, dean of Belmont University´s Mike Curb College of Entertainment and Music Business. "When something is identifiable, that is the key."

The case at issue is one of at least 800 lawsuits filed in Nashville over lifting snippets of music from older recordings for new music.

The case centers on the NWA song "100 Miles and Runnin," which samples a three-note guitar riff from "Get Off Your **** and Jam" by 1970s funk-master George Clinton and Funkadelic.

In the two-second sample, the guitar pitch has been lowered, and the copied piece was "looped" and extended to 16 beats. The sample appears five times in the new song.

NWA´s song was included in the 1998 movie "I Got the Hook Up," starring Master P and produced by his movie company, No Limit Films.

No Limit Films has argued that the sample was not protected by copyright law. Bridgeport Music and Westbound Records, which claim to own the copyrights for the Funkadelic song, appealed the lower court´s summary judgment in favor of No Limit Films.

The lower court in 2002 said that the riff in Clinton´s song was entitled to copyright protection, but the sampling "did not rise to the level of legally cognizable appropriation."

The appeals court disagreed, saying a recording artist who acknowledges sampling may be liable, even when the source of a sample is unrecognizable. Noting that No Limit Films "had not disputed that it digitally sampled a copyrighted sound recording," the appeals court sent the case back to the lower court.

Richard Busch, attorney for Westbound Records and Bridgeport Music, said he was pleased with the ruling. Robert Sullivan, attorney for No Limit Films, did not return a phone call to his office.

Pretty harsh stuff.Also found another interesting list of artists that are almost or impossible to get cleared.Peep it:

UNCLEARABLE SAMPLES LIST:
1.  Anita Baker
2.  The Beatles
3.  George Benson
4.  Tracy Chapman
5.  The Eagles
6.  George Harrison
7.  Jimi Hendrix
8.  Kraftwerk
9.  John Lennon
10. Paul Mc Cartney
11. Pink Floyd
12. Prince
13. Diana Ross
14. Paul Simon
15. Sly and The Family Stone
16. Rod Temperton

VERY DIFFICULT SAMPLE CLEARANCE:
1.  Aretha Franklin
2.  Art Of Noise
3.  Henry Mancini
4.  Steve Miller
5.  Otis Redding (Abco Music)
6.  Stevie Wonder
7.  Led Zeppelin
8.  The Rolling Stones

PROBLEMATIC CLEARANCES:
1.  AL Green
2.  Soul II Soul
3.  Barry White

MORE QUESTIONS ANSWERED:
1. Is it worth bothering to clear samples?
Yes.  Copyright owners are eagered for their track to be reused or redistributed because it can result to extra royalty payments and renewed interest in their music.

2.  Is it true that if you sample less than 5 seconds of a track, you can use it without getting sued?
No.  If you use samples without permission, you are illegally infringing the copyright of both the song and of the recording.  

3.  What are MCPS and PRS?
MCPS (Mechanical Copyright Protection Society) is the a**ociation that works out what mechanical royalties a copyright holder is owed whenever another copy is made of their song.  
PRS (Performing Rights Society) is the a**ociation that works out what public performance and broadcasting royalties a copyright holder is owed wheneverf their track is publicly performed or broadcast.


HOPE THIS BODES USEFUL TO THE AG Ma**IV.Much luv.


482
Producers - Discussion / Just a little EL-P
« on: September 08, 2004, 12:51:00 AM »
Another interesting article.

Byline: Bill Murphy

When avant-garde pianist Matthew Shipp approached El-P with the idea of doing a collaboration with a sextet of seasoned jazz musicians, the indie hip-hop impresario´s first reaction was one of almost abject fear. "The only reason I accepted was because I´ve been pretty disciplined about doing things that terrify me," El-P says. "I mean, there´s a difference between making beats and being a producer, and I didn´t want to just sit around behind a board and watch these guys play. At the same time, I didn´t know what else to tell them to do, so I figured I would combine the two: I would bring music in and then see what they did in reaction to that."

It´s a bold departure from El-P´s own work with his legendary group Company Flow (and, more recently, with the artists that populate his Definitive Juxtaposition imprint), but High Water (Thirsty Ear, 2004) was also intended to move beyond the basic "hip-hop remix treatment" of contemporary jazz. With the New York City collective Blue Series Continuum (featuring Shipp, ba**ist William Parker, drummer Guillermo Brown and others) improvising over laptop musical themes provided by El-P, who later took apart and restructured the results into finished songs, the album is a strange and at times startling mix of free jazz, hip-hop, funk, false starts and just plain freaky moments - all of it taking shape in a moody atmosphere that´s damn near disturbing.

El-P attributes that vibe to his own tastes, as well as to those of his father, jazz pianist Harry Meline, aka Harry Keys. "I kind of tricked him into being involved in this project," El says with a smirk. "I asked him to put together a list of songs that were favorites of his, [so] he recorded himself playing and singing on some little box with an external microphone and sent a tape to me. And my pops is a dark cat - me and him are similar. All his choices were very dark and depressing, and I was thrilled with that." Samples of those performances find their way into the almost Funkadelic-styled ballad "When the Moon Was Blue" - a master stroke of editing that showcases El-P´s deft touch as a producer, with his father´s remote-sounding vocal hovering eerily over the resequenced bits of live instrumentation, programmed beats and layered synths.

"I knew that I was basically being called upon to destroy what everybody did, so I tried to do it with the most finesse possible and just be respectful of it," El admits. Working from the original session tracks (loaded raw into Digidesign Pro Tools) and relying only on an Ensoniq EPS 16-Plus keyboard sampler ("a f***in´ dinosaur," he says), an Oberheim OB-12 synth, an Access Virus synth and a Roland D-550 rackmount synth, he essentially rearranged the music from scratch. "Get Modal" is a jaunty example of his approach, with merged snippets of live horns, piano and acoustic ba** with vocal shouts, synth swells and guitar samples over Brown´s driving backbeat. Elsewhere, "Get Your Hand Off My Shoulder, Pig" is a Sun Ra - inflected hip-hop opus evoking New York nights and rain-soaked streets with a funky beat, mournful horns and relentlessly plunky piano by Shipp - all augmented by El´s tripped-out synth patches.

Although El-P acknowledges that High Water is an unusual creative step (especially for someone who was once hired by Zack de la Rocha to produce tracks for a now-shelved solo album and whose latest group, Central Services, is a rock band of sorts), the perceived break in continuity doesn´t faze him. "Like everything I´m doing with Def Jux, this is the type of record I want to be involved in," he explains. "It´s really about confronting opinions about what music is and what hip-hop is, with people reacting to what you do and then not understanding the next move you make and then being pissed that they don´t understand. I try to shut my eyes to all of that and just be involved with good people who are talented and can make good records."

Article from www.findarticles.com

Much luv.

483
Producers - Discussion / Kanye West
« on: September 08, 2004, 12:48:00 AM »
I found this article on the net while checking out some on the man.Its pretty interesting and also he mentions what equipment he uses.Enjoy.

Byline: Ken Micallef

You may not know him yet, but hip-hop producers don´t come much hotter or hard-working than Kanye West. During the past six years, the 26-year-old has racked up triumphs with such big-money movers as Jay-Z, Foxy Brown, Nas, Alicia Keys and Eminem. How does he do it? Not with any Digidesign Pro Tools or Emagic Logic rig, that´s for sure. "I don´t use a computer or a lot of equipment in my studio," West declares. "What do I need all that stuff for?"

West uses four primary pieces for sampling, sequencing and recording duties: An Ensoniq ASR-10 keyboard, an Akai MPC2000 MIDI Production Center, a Roland VS-1880 24-bit Digital Studio Workstation and a Gemini PT-1000 II turntable.

"I recorded College Dropout with just that," West says. "I got a record player with no top on it. It´s a Gemini, just like me. Like most Geminis, I am two people: I´m a rapper and a producer. Hell, yeah."

West´s minimalism doesn´t affect his output. His debut, The College Dropout (Roc-a-fella/Def Jam, 2004), boasts cameos from the Harlem Boy´s Choir and a few of hip-hop´s elite - Mos Def, Ludacris, Dirt McGirt (formerly Ol´ Dirty Bastard) and Freeway - as well as some outstanding vocal samples. West doesn´t stress over his skills; he is more concerned with sound and style.

"I don´t give a f*** about equipment or technique," West says. "It is just about how it sounds at the end of the day. My claim to fame is to get the most out of the least: simplify. I go through my closet every month and give away all the clothes that I don´t really love. I have a better chance of putting on something good every morning if I just have all hot shit."

One of West´s trademarks, besides cla**ic ´70s soul loops, is ample use of speed. Almost every other track on The College Dropout features a sped-up vocal sample, be it Dinah Washington on "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" or Chaka Khan on "Through the Wire."

"I sample them at regular speed, then speed them up inside the ASR-10," he explains. "I just put the pitch up on the sampler, and it will go faster. The ASR-10 is like my left hand. I can chop samples into 61 pieces without wasting any memory. A lot of old songs are too slow to rap on. So I got to speed them up to a rappable tempo."

The album´s multiple treats include a searing Lauryn Hill sample (on "Falls Down") and gorgeous choral vocals from the Harlem Boy´s Choir (on "2 Words"). The Choir might be from Harlem, but that is the last place West could find it. "I wanted that track to be more than just another hip-hop song," West recalls. "I wanted the Harlem Boy´s Choir on it, but nobody wanted to pay the $10,000. We wasted $3,500 on Hezekiah Walker, but it wasn´t my vision. I finally said, ´We have to have the Harlem Boy´s Choir.´ I drove all the way to west bubba - wherever - Crystal Lake, where they were at boy´s camp. It was like a place where they would shoot a scary movie. I went through hell to get to heaven on that song."

With "Jesus Walks" and "Drug Dealin´," The College Dropout may be the most socially responsible hip-hop album since Public Enemy´s heyday, but will the average fans get it? West knows they will. "Good music isn´t always about being in the shower with a bunch of chicks," he says. "When DeNiro was working on Meet the Parents, he didn´t wonder if his fans from Goodfellas would like it. Human beings have many different dimensions. Nelly can fill that part of their life; it is for me to fulfill other parts. A lot of people are copying each other, but I don´t have nothing to do with those people."

This article was found at www.findarticles.com

Much luv.


484
Producers - Discussion / EMI sample clearance procedure link
« on: September 03, 2004, 07:20:00 AM »
Hey everyone

I found this link and thought I´d share it to those interested.It deals with sample clearance in UK and in general.Hope its of some use to anyone.

http://www.emimusicsample.co.uk/Sampleclearance/guideFS.htm

Much luv.

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